There are many different ways to compost your kitchen waste. In fact, it can get confusing as to what method is best. Each system below can be tailored to suit your needs and space.
Thermophilic (or thermal) compost is a “hot” compost. It uses heat, from the rapid to kill the seeds and any diseased organisms present. Aerobic conditions must be maintained to prevent anaerobic conditions where disease causing microorganisms can thrive. Turning the compost ensures everything gets composted while preventing the pile from getting too hot.
Thermophilic composting is best for ensuring a complete breakdown of organic material, killing disease and seeds. It is an acceptable input in organic production.
Static composting is food waste piled up and left alone for one to two years. The inside is anaerobic and generates heat while the outside kept aerobic. The outer layers prevent odours from being detected. When the temperature of the pile starts to drop, indicating the anaerobic process is complete the compost can be used.
Static compost is best if you want to avoid turning compost regularly and have time to wait for the compost to finish.
Vermicompost, or worm composting, is a cold composting method. It uses worms to digest kitchen waste, turning it into worm poop, also sometimes called black gold. Worms eat the microorganisms they find on food and work their way up through the pile, pooping as they go.
Vermicompost is best for small spaces and indoor composting.